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FIFA, Zurich, Pictures Headquarters

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), known in English as the International Federation of Association Football, is the international governing body of association football. It was founded in 1904, at a time when international fixtures were becoming increasingly popular and it became clear that a single body was required to coordinate the sport. The founder members were the national football associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. The association’s headquarters were initially in Paris but were moved to Zurich in 1932.

FIFA, is governed by Swiss law and is made up of 208 member associations with the goal of continually improving the sport of football. FIFA’s mission statement is “Develop the game, touch the world, build a better future”. To this end it employs some 310 people from over 35 nations and is composed of a legislative body, an executive body and an administrative body. It also states that: “We believe that just as the game itself, FIFA must be a model of fair play, tolerance, sportsmanship and transparency”. As the governing body, FIFA is responsible for football’s rules, which are set out in the “Laws of the Game”, details of which are published on the Internet.

The first president and the driving force in the foundation of FIFA was Frenchman Robert Guerin. The best known and 8th president of FIFA was Sepp (Giuseppe) Blatter (born in Switzerland in 1936), who was elected in June 1998 and re-elected in 2002, 2007 and 2011. Blatter was banned from anything to do with football for eight years by FIFA’s Ethics Committee in 2015, following the Swiss Attorney General’s Office starting criminal proceedings against him for “criminal mismanagement and misappropriation”. The Swiss government’s action followed the US government’s accusation of bribery and money laundering against Blatter and other FIFA officials. There had been numerous rumours of corruption in the awarding of FIFA tournaments over a number of years, leading the beleagured President to say he would not stand again for election, but would remain in post until his successor was elected. It seems that the intervention of US authorities prompted FIFA to veto this plan by suspending him. Investigations are going on into payments of two million Swiss francs to the former head of UEFA, Michel Platini. Meanwhile Blatter’s successor is Gianni Infantino, appointed at an emergency meeting of FIFA in February 2016. Infantino holds dual Swiss and Italian citizenship, and was General Secretary of FIFA from 2009 to 2016.

FIFA’s offices are located at FIFA-Strasse 20, Zurich, Switzerland and can be reached as follows: From Zurich Hauptbahnhof (main railway station). Take tram No. 6 from Bahnhofstrasse to the stop at Zurich Zoo. From here, follow the Dreiwiesenstrasse on foot to FIFA-Strasse, which is on the left.

Website FIFA

 

Home of Football History
Ever heard of the FIFA World Football Museum in Zürich? I hadn’t, and I’m a football fan! It opened on the last day of February 2016, and the reason it is in Zürich is that the FIFA Headquarters were already in that Swiss city, though not on the same site. The museum is in the lower floors of a ten storey building is at 27 Seestrasse, right opposite the Zürich Enge railway station. It opens 10am to 7pm Tuesday to Saturday, and 9am till 6pm on Sundays; it does not open Mondays, though it is open on ‘selected public holidays’, but check first. Perhaps disappointingly for such a rich global organisation, they charge you to go in. I can’t help feeling they are missing a chance to promote the game there. As well as the museum itself, there is a café, bar, bistro, shop and library.

Two hundred and eleven individual football associations are members of FIFA, and the World Football Museum has more than a thousand exhibits on the history of ‘the beautiful game’, and how it became the world’s most popular sport. As well as the history of FIFA itself, there are modern multi-media exhibits on all the World Cup tournaments, including the Women’s World Cup.

The Museum’s three floors
Floor 0: Planet Football – takes you through all the associations and national teams which are members of FIFA. The history of football is displayed in ‘The Timeline’ on this floor.

Floor -2: The Foundations and the World Cup Gallery – on this level the original World Cup, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is a centre piece exhibit, and a short film called ‘The Final’ is shown.

Floor 1: Fields of Play - portrays the social effects of football, which is partly covered by individual people’s stories. This is also where you find football-related games to enjoy.

Floor 2: this is where the shop, bistro and café-bar are to be found.
In addition to these permanent exhibitions, the World Football Museum puts on special events, displays and lectures, which are advertised on its website. Examples of events in its first year were ‘Christmas 1914’ about the impromptu football match between enemies that broke out in No Man’s Land between the First World War trenches; ‘Brazil 2014 Revisited’, a special display about the history of football in Brazil and the latest world cup tournament; and a one-off dinner, cooked by the chef to the German national team, who revealed some of their dietry secrets.

Men’s World Cup Winners
The winner of the first World Cup Finals in 1930 was Uruguay. Uruguay won it again in 1950. Brazil has won the tournament 5 times, and Germany is a 4 times winner. Italy won the title 4 times, including consecutive tournaments in 1934 and 1938. The only other nation to have won twice running is Brazil in 1958 and 1962. Argentina has won the World Cup twice, and another three nations have won it once: France, England and Spain. There seems to be something in home advantage for the hosts of the tournament: Uruguay, Italy, England, Germany and France have all won the cup on home soil.

If you count the times they were runners up as well, the top World Cup nation is Germany, (8 appearances in the final), followed by Brazil (7), Italy 6 and Argentina 5. Uruguay has only reached the final twice but has won it both times; the only other 100% record holders are England and Spain (1 final, 1 win each). Finally, spare a thought for the Netherlands: they have been in the World Cup Final three times and never won it. Even the great Dutch team led by the master of ‘total football’, Johan Cruyff, could not take the FIFA World Cup Trophy home!
There was no tournament in 1942 or 1946, due to the Second World War.

The Women’s World Cup - Results
The Women’s tournament has been held every four years since 1991:
1991 Final: USA 2, Norway 1
1995 Final: Norway 2, Germany 0
1999 Final: USA 0, China 0 (USA won 5-4 on penalties)
2003 Final: Germany 2, Sweden 1
2007 Final: Germany 2, Brazil 0
2011 Final: Japan 2, United States 2 (Japan won 3-1 on penalties)
2015 Final: United States 5, Japan 2
As you can see, the USA is the most successful nation in the women’s game with three wins and one runner-up, followed by Germany with two wins and one runner up. Most successful small nation is Norway (one win, one second).

World Cup Finals 2018 and 2022
The next two men’s World Cup Finals are scheduled to be in Russia (2018) and Qatar (2022). However in May 2015 Swiss federal prosecutors started an investigation into possible corruption in the awarding of the finals, and FIFA has stated that if there is evidence that either Russia or Qatar were chosen because of bought votes, then the award of the finals would be cancelled. If Qatar retains the right to host the finals, the timing of the tournament will change from the usual June/July to November/December, for reasons of climate.

Website FIFA Football Museum

Pictures FIFA Headquarters in Zurich
Tram, Zurich FIFA sign FIFA
FIFA Entrance FIFA FIFA Street
FIFA FIFA FIFA names of countries
FIFA main Building FIFA Zurich Switzerland FIFA picture
FIFA archtiecture FIFA FIFA Entrance
FIFA Entrance FIFA letters FIFA
FIFA FIFA, flags FIFA
FIFA FIFA FIFA
FIFA FIFA football field FIFA football match
FIFA flags FIFA flags FIFA
FIFA FIFA FIFA monument
FIFA sculpture football player FIFA footballplayer monument FIFA, sculpture
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